Your feet are the foundation of your body, and when the shape of your foot is compromised, it can have far-reaching consequences. Wearing Ill-fitting shoes can worsen conditions such as bunions, hammertoes, and plantar fasciitis. They also may lead to biomechanical adjustments that can cause back and joint pain, balance problems, postural issues, and leg discomfort. Foot arches are of three main types, which are high, neutral, and flat. High arches are overly pronounced, causing pressure on the heel and forefoot, while flat feet may restrict mobility and lead to other health problems. In addition, pronation and supination, which refers to the side to side movement of the foot when you stand, walk or run, are factors that need to be considered when buying shoes. Supination involves the foot rolling outward, often affecting those with high arches, and potentially leading to lower leg discomfort like plantar fasciitis. Overpronation occurs when the foot rolls excessively inward, common in people with flat feet, and this can cause discomfort as well as alignment issues throughout the body. For help with issues involving the shape of your feet, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for an evaluation.
Biomechanics in Podiatry
Podiatric biomechanics is a particular sector of specialty podiatry with licensed practitioners who are trained to diagnose and treat conditions affecting the foot, ankle and lower leg. Biomechanics deals with the forces that act against the body, causing an interference with the biological structures. It focuses on the movement of the ankle, the foot and the forces that interact with them.
A History of Biomechanics
- Biomechanics dates back to the BC era in Egypt where evidence of professional foot care has been recorded.
- In 1974, biomechanics gained a higher profile from the studies of Merton Root, who claimed that by changing or controlling the forces between the ankle and the foot, corrections or conditions could be implemented to gain strength and coordination in the area.
Modern technological improvements are based on past theories and therapeutic processes that provide a better understanding of podiatric concepts for biomechanics. Computers can provide accurate information about the forces and patterns of the feet and lower legs.
Understanding biomechanics of the feet can help improve and eliminate pain, stopping further stress to the foot.